This report covers Holy Week and
The week starting on Palm Sunday
and continuing through the Saturday before Easter is commonly called Holy Week
and the week in which the passion of our Savior is commemorated. The week starts with the Lord’s
triumphant entry into Jerusalem and ends with the death of the Savior on the
Cross and the burial of His body in the tomb. It is a week of ups and downs without parallel and precedes
the most joyous day of the year, the Day of the Resurrection or Easter Sunday.
Jesus has a triumphant entry into
the city on the First Day of the Week (Sunday); on Thursday night he celebrates
the Passover with his disciples in the Upper Room, he prays and agonizes over
what he knows is coming in the garden of Gethsemane; Judas betrays him early
Friday morning, his most trusted disciple denies him; the Jews condemn him to
Pilate who in turn orders him to be beaten and humiliated; that does not
satisfy the Jews and at their request, Pilate condemns a man he knows to be
innocent to a horrible death to pacify the crowd of Jews assembled by the
priests; Jesus is crucified, asks John to take care of his mother and gives up
the ghost; his body is taken down and buried; the disciples are dispersed and
discouraged; they have listened to their Lord, but not understood.
Think of this week from the
disciples’ perspective, on the first day they enter with their leader into
Jerusalem in triumph; mid-week they celebrate the joyous feast of the Passover,
then their leader is betrayed, defends himself not and is killed. At the time they surely could not think
of this as a Holy Week and certainly not a Good Friday. Yet on the first day of the week that
follows, our Lord is Risen, Risen indeed and delivers the promise of salvation
What a week!
On Monday, Jesus preached in the
Temple and further distanced Himself from the people’s vision and demonstrated
God’s vision. He went in to the
temple and through out the vendors selling “sacrificial” birds and animals at
exorbitant cost, as well as the moneychangers, changing Roman money for Temple
money dishonestly. Far from
announcing Himself head of the temple, He announced they had made His Father’s
house a den of thieves. Rather
than working within the Jewish establishment, He over turned it!
Jesus and the Pharisees dispute
in the Temple. He left for the garden of Gethsemane on the Mount of Olives.
There he delivers the “Mount of Olives Discourse”. Judas agrees to betray him
to the Jewish priests for 30 pieces of silver.
The Sanhedrin was gathered
together and decided to kill Jesus, even before Pesach if possible. In the
meantime, Jesus was in Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper. Here he was
anointed on his head by Mary, the sister of Martha and Lazarus, with very
expensive ointment of spikenard. Some of the disciples, particularly Judas
Iscariot, keeper of the purse, were indignant about this; the oil could have
been sold to support the poor. “This
he said, not that he cared for the poor; but because he was a thief, and had
the bag, and bare what was put therein.”
In this case, Judas recalls to mind many politicians. Jesus reminded them of the importance
of first things first and the futility of giving, rather than helping, when He
said in Matthew 26.11 “For ye have the poor always with you; but me ye have not
always.” Judas went to the
Sanhedrin and offered them his support in exchange for silver. From this moment
on Judas was looking for an opportunity to betray Jesus. Judas spied on Jesus
in the garden of Gethsemane where he came on his plan.
At the Passover Feast, Jesus and
his disciples share the “Last Supper” and He washes their feet. Jesus blesses
his bread and wine as his flesh and blood and shares it with his disciples, the
institution of the Sacrament of Holy Communion. As Paul tells us in his First
Letter to the Corinthians, “…the Lord Jesus the same night in which he was
betrayed took bread: and when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take,
eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me.
After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This
cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in
remembrance of me. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do
shew the Lord’s death till he come.”
At this same dinner, the
disciples manage to quarrel over who should be the boss of who. Jesus tells them he came in the roll of
a servant, as He is their master, their role is likewise that of servants. In a move designed to reveal both His
knowledge aforehand and our frailty, He tells Peter that Peter will deny Him
thrice fore the cock croweth, or dawn breaks. Peter, a loyal follower, denies what will be shown as clear
fact. Remember the further you let
yourself get from the Lord, the weaker you are. Weakness grows with the cube of the distance. Stay close.
As the dinner goes on, Jesus
tells them one of them will betray Him.
Not able to grasp that any of them would literally betray Him, each
asks, “Is it I?” Judas knows.
Jesus tells the disciples things
are heating up, counsels them to arm themselves and goes out to pray in the
garden of Gethsemane. Disciples
come with Him, despite their best efforts, they fall asleep. Night has long fallen, the end of the
day is near by our reckoning. The
end is near for Jesus here on earth.
Even nearer for Judas.
Good Friday was the day in which
Jesus was tried by the Jews, tried by Pilate, condemned, crucified, died and
. Except in hindsight, this was not a
Good Friday at all.
In the early hours before sunup,
Jesus is betrayed by the “Judas Kiss” and arrested. At sunrise, he is disowned
by Peter thrice before the cock croweth. When brought before Caiaphas, the
Jewish High Priest, and his Council, he is condemned. He says that he will rise
from death after three days.
They hand him over to the Roman
authority, Pontius Pilate, who sends him to Herod (Antipas, the son of Herod
the Great). Then Pilate asks the crowd who he is to pardon: a murderer, or
Jesus? The crowd chooses Barabas and Jesus is sentenced to death. Pilate’s actions
made famous the line, “I wash my hands of this.” While he might have attempted to wash the guilt for the
murder of the world’s one truly innocent man on to the Jews, he remains the one
who condemned him to death. Pilate
was nothing if not a politician and bureaucrat. The condemnation was to him the simplest solution to the
problem of a Jewish hierarchy’s manufactured crowd’s anger. What was the death of one Jew to
him? Yet he was worried enough to
attempt to wash his hands of the guilt.
Jesus is brought to Calvary,
where on the “third hour” (9 am) he is crucified. He is mocked as he hangs
between the Bad Thief and the Good Thief, whom he blesses. On the “sixth hour”
(noon), darkness covers the land. Jesus cries out “My God, My God, hast Thou forsaken
After drinking wine, he commits
his spirit to his Father and dies. Matthew reports an earthquake that destroys
the Temple. Many understand now that Jesus was the Son of God. His body is
taken down and anointed. He is buried in a new tomb donated by Joseph of
Arimethea. This is the first day of death.
Dru Arnold read the Epistle for
Good Friday, which comes from the Tenth Chapter of Saint Paul’s letter to the
Hebrews beginning at the First Verse.
HE law having a shadow of good
things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those
sacrifices, which they offered year by year continually, make the comers
thereunto perfect. For then would they not have ceased to be offered? because
that the worshippers once purged should have had no more conscience of sins.
But in those sacrifices there is a remembrance again made of sins every year.
For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away
sins. Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering
thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me: in burnt-offerings and
sacrifices for sin thou hast had no pleasure. Then said I, Lo, I come (in the
volume of the book it is written of me,) to do thy will, O God. Above when he
said, Sacrifice and offering and burnt-offerings and offering for sin thou
wouldest not, neither hadst pleasure therein; which are offered by the law;
then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God: he taketh away the first, that
he may establish the second. By the which will we are sanctified through the
offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. And every priest standeth
daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never
take away sins: but this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for
ever, sat down on the right hand of God; from hence-forth expecting till his
enemies be made his footstool. For by one offering he hath perfected for ever
them that are sanctified. Whereof the Holy Ghost also is a witness to us: for
after that he had said before, This is the covenant that I will make with them
after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in
their minds will I write them; then saith he, And their sins and iniquities
will I remember no more. Now where remission of these is, there is no more
offering for sin. Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the
holiest by the blood of Jesus, by a new and living way, which he hath
consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh; and having an
high priest over the house of God; let us draw near with a true heart in full
assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and
our bodies washed with pure water. Let us hold fast the profession of our faith
without wavering; (for he is faithful that promised;) and let us consider one
another to provoke unto love and to good works: not forsaking the assembling of
ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another: and so
much the more, as ye see the day approaching.
Deacon Jack Arnold read the
Gospel. Much like the Gospel for
Palm Sunday, if you imagine yourself there it will make the hair on the back of
your neck stand up at points. The
Gospel came from the Nineteenth Chapter of the Gospel according to Saint John
beginning at the First Verse:
ILATE therefore took Jesus, and
scourged him. And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put it on his
head, and they put on him a purple robe, and said, Hail, King of the Jews! and
they smote him with their hands. Pilate therefore went forth again, and saith
unto them, Behold, I bring him forth to you, that ye may know that I find no
fault in him. Then came Jesus forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the
purple robe. And Pilate saith unto them, Behold the man! When the chief priests
therefore and officers saw him, they cried out, saying, Crucify him, crucify
him. Pilate saith unto them, Take ye him, and crucify him: for I find no fault
in him. The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by our law he ought to die,
because he made himself the Son of God. When Pilate therefore heard that
saying, he was the more afraid; and went again into the judgment hall, and
saith unto Jesus, Whence art thou? But Jesus gave him no answer. Then saith
Pilate unto him, Speakest thou not unto me? knowest thou not that I have power
to crucify thee, and have power to release thee? Jesus answered, Thou couldest
have no power at all against me, except it were given thee from above:
therefore he that delivered me unto thee hath the greater sin. And from
thenceforth Pilate sought to release him: but the Jews cried out, saying, If
thou let this man go, thou art not Cæsar’s friend: whosoever maketh himself a
king, speaketh against Cæsar. When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he
brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment-seat in a place that is
called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew, Gabbatha. And it was the preparation of
the passover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your
King! But they cried out, Away with him, away with him, crucify him. Pilate
saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have
no king but Cæsar. Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified.
And they took Jesus, and led him away. And he bearing his cross went forth into
a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha:
where they crucified him, and two other with him, on either side one, and Jesus
in the midst. And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross. And the
writing was, JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS. This title then read many
of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city; and
it was written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin. Then said the chief priests of
the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The King of the Jews; but that he said, I am
King of the Jews. Pilate answered, What I have written I have written. Then the
soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments, and made four
parts, to every sol-dier a part; and also his coat: now the coat was without
seam, woven from the top throughout. They said therefore among themselves, Let
us not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be: that the scripture
might be fulfilled, which saith, They parted my raiment among them, and for my
vesture they did cast lots. These things therefore the soldiers did. Now there
stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother’s sister, Mary the wife
of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene. When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the
disciple standing by, whom he loved, he saith unto his mother, Woman, behold
thy son! Then saith he to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour
that disciple took her unto his own home. After this, Jesus knowing that all
things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I
thirst. Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a spunge
with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, and put it to his mouth. When Jesus
therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his
head, and gave up the ghost. The Jews therefore, because it was the
preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath
day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs
might be broken, and that they might be taken away. Then came the soldiers, and
brake the legs of the first, and of the other which was crucified with him. But
when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they brake not his
legs: but one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came
there out blood and water. And he that saw it bare record, and his record is
true: and he knoweth that he saith true, that ye might believe. For these
things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall
not be broken. And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom
Good Friday’s sermon is contained
in the BC strip below. It pretty
much covers the meaning of Good Friday. For God
so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever
believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. John 3.16
The Jewish Council remembers his
vow to return and has the tomb guarded and sealed with a heavy stone. Second
day of death. From the time Jesus left his body on the cross until the
resurrection, little is known. It
is said in the Apostle’s Creed that “He descended into hell”, where he did battle
with the Devil for our souls, a battle the Devil was destined to lose.
On the third day of death, Mary
Magdalene and the other Mary find the tomb empty, but for an angel who tells
them Jesus is already resurrected and is on His way to Galilee. On their way to
tell the others, Jesus appears to them.
Death is conquered, the Promise delivered. Our lives from this day forward are eternal!
about the Week that was!
The reason Jesus came to
Jerusalem at the Passover was to take the place of the yearly sacrifice by one
perfect sacrifice, one time, for all time and for all mankind. His was the
blood marking our door that the destroyer might pass over. The week started on a triumphant note
and ended up trying to do between there were windows into the future, glimpses
of the past, moments of despair, moments of terror, moments of confusion; but
in the end joy and the ultimate triumph.
Today we celebrate the
resurrection of Christ, “Christ the Lord IS Risen today!” Our sunrise temperature on Mount
Olympus was a reasonable 40°F which rose to a lovely 55°F under puffy clouds
and sunny skies. In celebration of
Easter, we had a Sonrise service which started at 1030. Hey, this is California, how early do
you expect! Plus, a number of our
people have long way to come, we had three people for service!
Jack Arnold played
Hymn 85 – Jesus Christ is Risen Today for the gathering song.
Hymn 85 – Jesus
Christ is risen today
Jesus Christ is risen today, Alleluia!
Our triumphant holy day, Alleluia!
Who did once upon the cross, Alleluia!
Suffer to redeem our loss. Alleluia!
Hymns of praise then let us sing, Alleluia!
Unto Christ, our heavenly King, Alleluia!
Who endured the cross and grave, Alleluia!
Sinners to redeem and save. Alleluia!
But the pains that he endured, Alleluia!
Our salvation have procured, Alleluia!
Now above the sky He's King, Alleluia!
Where the angels ever sing. Alleluia!
We try to pick our gathering
songs to have a wonderful message, be easy to sing and suitable for guitar
accompaniment. What better song
for Easter than the one for which the day is named?
Each Sunday there are Propers:
special prayers and readings from the Bible. There is a Collect for the Day; that is a single thought
prayer, most written either before the re-founding of the Church of England in
the 1540s or written by Bishop Thomas Cranmer, the first Archbishop of
Canterbury after the re-founding.
The Collect for the Day is to be
read on Sunday and during Morning and Evening Prayer until the next Sunday. The
Epistle is normally a reading from one of the various Epistles, or letters, in
the New Testament. The Gospel is a
reading from one of the Holy Gospels, Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. The Collect is said by the minister as
a prayer, the Epistle can be read by either a designated reader (as we do in
our church) or by one of the ministers and the Holy Gospel, which during the
service in our church is read by an ordained minister or our Deacon Striker.
The propers are the same each
year, except if a Red Letter Feast, that is one with propers in the prayerbook,
falls on a Sunday, then those propers are to be read instead, except in a White
Season, where it is put off. Red
Letter Feasts, so called because in the Altar Prayerbooks the titles are in
red, are special days. Most of the
Red Letter Feasts are dedicated to early saints instrumental in the development
of the church, others to special events.
Some days are particularly special and the Collect for that day is to be
used for an octave (eight days) or an entire season, like Advent or Lent.
The Propers for today are found
on Page 163-164, with the Collect first:
who through thine only-begotten Son Jesus Christ hast overcome death, and
opened unto us the gate of everlasting life; We humbly beseech thee that, as by
thy special grace preventing us thou dost put into our minds good desires, so
by thy continual help we may bring the same to good effect; through the same
Jesus Christ our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with thee and the Holy Ghost
ever, one God, world without end. Amen.
¶ This Collect is to be said daily throughout Easter Week.
Arnold read the Epistle, which came from Saint Paul’s letter to the
Colossians, beginning at the First Verse of the Third Chapter:
f ye then be risen with Christ,
seek those things which are above, where Christ sitteth on the right hand of
God. Set your affection on things above, not on things on the earth. For ye are
dead, and your life is hid with Christ in God. When Christ, who is our life,
shall appear, then shall ye also appear with him in glory.
As usual, Paul is exhorting us to
be the New Man, to put away the trappings of the old and go forward. He asks us to do what anyone who is
successful does, hang around with those you want to be like in the end and to
emulate their actions. In this
case rather that earthly success, Paul is helping prepare us for eternal
success through salvation.
Hap Arnold read the Holy Gospel which
came from the Twentieth Chapter of the Gospel of Saint John beginning at the
First Verse. It is the
straightforward accounting of the discovery by Mary Magdalene, Simon Peter and
John that the Lord was risen indeed.
he first day of the week cometh
Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the
stone taken away from the sepulchre. Then she runneth, and cometh to Simon
Peter, and to the other disciple, whom Jesus loved, and saith unto them, They
have taken away the Lord out of the sepulchre, and we know not where they have
laid him. Peter therefore went forth, and that other disciple, and came to the
sepulchre. So they ran both together: and the other disciple did outrun Peter,
and came first to the sepulchre. And he stooping down, and looking in, saw the
linen clothes lying; yet went he not in. Then cometh Simon Peter following him,
and went into the sepulchre, and seeth the linen clothes lie, and the napkin,
that was about his head, not lying with the linen clothes, but wrapped together
in a place by itself. Then went in also that other disciple, which came first
to the sepulchre, and he saw, and believed. For as yet they knew not the
scripture, that he must rise again from the dead. Then the disciples went away
again unto their own home.
Sermon – Reverend Deacon Jack Arnold - Time
Today’s sermon brought the Collect, Epistle and
Gospel together and is partly contained in the forewords above.
Today is Easter, the celebration of the Resurrection
of Jesus Christ. The central event
of not only the Christian Year; but of Christianity and the entire world. Witness the terms AD and BC. Anno Domini and Before Christ.
Consider these words from the Collect:
… Jesus Christ hast overcome
death, and opened unto us the gate of everlasting life; We humbly beseech thee
that, as by thy special grace preventing us thou dost put into our minds good
desires, so by thy continual help we may bring the same to good effect…
In the Collect, we acknowledge that God sent His Son
to be our Savior to give us eternal life.
We ask His Help that our hearts might desire good and with His Help put
those desires into action so that we might accept that eternal life offered us
by that same Jesus Christ.
Paul then tells us, if we say we are with Christ, we
must act with Him. We must
continually seek to better our selves by setting our sights on Him in heaven
and guiding our actions by Him, by associating with others like minded. We must turn our backs on this earth if
we truly face heaven. As Jesus reminds us
in Matthew 6:24 “One cannot serve two masters.” We must choose Him
or Mammon. I know which one I choose, hopefully you do too as well.
When we come to Holy Week, we find a triumphant
entrance into Jerusalem, triumphant in the eyes of the beholders, not the
center of the action. The crowd,
with some of the same people who later condemned Him, welcomed Jesus into
Jerusalem with the expectation He came to free them from the Roman yoke, to
hold them up, to put their feet on the Romans’ necks. Yet, He knew where He was going and what would happen. He
was in control of the action, he knew what was going to happen. He would not
have done the plan if He didn’t know that it would work. He knew that the end
result would be a success, but He also knew that there would be a lot of pain
and suffering involved on the road to His resurrection.
As He saw the road ahead was filled with obstacles,
the pain and suffering, so too, do we know that it will be filled with hard
times and suffering also. But like He, we must preserve on the straight and
narrow path, refusing to ever give up. He never gave up on us, so why should we
give up on Him?
The week built towards the First Day of the First
Week of the New Covenant.
Jesus knew what He was doing.
Reflect on this, during World War II on D-Day, the
first waves were National Guard and new recruits. No veterans of Torch, Norway or Dieppe. Why? Because all the soldiers were patriots and all were ready to
defend their country; but like Peter, the new guys did not know what that
Crucifixion, a cruel painful death. Painful beyond our comprehension. Think about the mechanics of being
nailed to a cross. Think about
that. Then think about the descent
into hell to do battle with the devil.
Think about that. No matter
what you imagine, like D-Day the reality exceeded the expectation.
Yet Jesus, being God, knew exactly what He was
volunteering for. And He rode
towards the sound of gunfire. Greater
love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends.
Jesus went with full knowledge aforethought where no
one would go – FOR YOU, FOR ME, FOR US.
That is Good Friday’s lesson.
Today, The Resurrection, Easter or as it is called in
Spanish, Dia de la Resurreccion, is the day that the promise of everlasting
life was delivered. It is the completion of the sacrifice He made for us on
Good Friday, it is His triumphant return from the depths of Hell, having
procured an eternal victory for all of those who would truly follow Him and act
upon His name.
This one perfect sacrifice, one time, for all time
and for all mankind was made for YOU.
All you need to do to get the benefit is follow Christ. So, what does that mean? See John 14.23: Jesus answered and
said unto him, If a man love me, he will keep my words:
and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode with
It is not if you attend church or not that makes you
a Christian, it is if you do what He asks of you. Going to church just gives you help and encouragement. It makes you part of a team, part of a
coherent unit. After all, the more
people there are in a group like the church, the more stable it will be. And
more stable also will our spiritual lives be if we have friends and family
involved in it as well, to keep us on that straight and narrow path.
Today, you have a choice, just like every day. Today you can be a Christer, that is
one who celebrates Christmas
and Easter, or you can be a
Christian. One who follows Christ.
If you choose being a Christian, be prepared for
constant failure and shortfall of goal.
So long as you do your best and never give up Christ will account you as
perfect when it counts.
Today, the first day in Eternity or another day off
your life towards death. Your choice. Jesus made His, you make yours.
When the time comes, how will you ACT?
It is by our actions we are known.
Be of God - Live of God - Act of God
We are oft fortunate to get
copies of Bishop Jerry’s sermon notes.
Today is one of those Sundays.
Today’s sermon starts off with the collect, and like always, it will
give you a lot to consider in your heart.
2013, Anno Domini!
who through thine only-begotten Son Jesus Christ hast overcome death, and
opened unto us the gate of everlasting life; We humbly beseech thee that, as by
thy special grace preventing us thou dost put into our minds good desires, so
by thy continual help we may bring the same to good effect; through the same
Jesus Christ our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with thee and the Holy Ghost
ever, one God, world without end. Amen.
the sabbath was
past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the Mother of James, and Salome, had bought sweet
spices, that they might come and anoint him. And very early in the morning the
first day of the week, they came unto the sepulchre at the rising of the sun.
And they said among themselves, Who shall roll us away the stone from the door
of the sepulchre? And when they looked, they saw that the stone was rolled
away: for it was very great. And entering into the sepulchre, they saw a young
man sitting on the right side, clothed in a long white garment; and they were
affrighted. And he saith unto them, Be not affrighted: Ye seek Jesus of
Nazareth, which was crucified: he is risen; he is not here: behold the place
where they laid him. But go your way, tell his disciples and Peter that he
goeth before you into Galilee: there shall ye see him, as he said unto you. And
they went out quickly, and fled from the sepulchre; for they trembled and were
amazed: neither said they any thing to any man; for they were afraid. (St. Mark xvi. 1 - 8)
is pitiful to observe how afraid and fearful were the women who found and empty
Tomb. It is absolutely the most beautiful thing that has ever happened for the
benefit of man – that the Tomb of Jesus was empty! How often do we observe the
wonder of the God's work and mistake it for a thing fearful and sad. Fear locks
our mouth and stops our testimony. Is it not a wonderful thing to find an empty
Tomb and a Risen Lord in lieu of a dead and lifeless body? Perhaps it was their
fear and momentary loss of faith that prevented Christ from immediately
appearing to them. But can we fault these courageous ladies very much? They
lingered at the foot of the cross with John when many others of the disciples
were in hiding. They were the ones who followed the body to the Garden Tomb (on
loan from Joseph of Arimathaea) and watched there until the Tomb was made sure.
61 And there was Mary Magdalene, and the other Mary, sitting over against
. (Matt 27:61) Perhaps it was AMAZEMENT more than anything
else that caused their reaction. How can we proclaim such an overwhelmingly
is true that we often disregard even the counsel of angels in our fears. The
great Angel spoke to them and, as usual, prefaced his words with "Be
." There was no cause for fear, but there WAS great
cause for joy. Sometimes we tend to mix our emotions in the wrong way. When
God's Hand moves to the healing of His people, should our hearts not brim with
love and joy! But the circumstances simply overwhelmed the women. As my mother
used to say, "They were beside themselves." NEVER did they expect to
see what they found. First, the Stone was rolled back. It would take many
strong men to perform that task. Fortunately, there were guards there to insure
that no man's hand broke the Roman seal. But the great Angel rolled away the
Stone with little effort. Secondly, the women entered a Tomb that was not
yet completely empty – there was only an Angel there to greet their fears.
Thirdly, the Angel spoke kind words to allay their foreboding fear. Fourthly,
the Angel told them that Christ was risen. Should we not believe an Angel when
all evidence supports his claim? He even showed them the place where Christ had
Fourthly, the Angel told them something that demonstrated the sweet graces of
the Balm of Gilead. You will recall that Peter has suffered for these three
days the awful pain of having renounced the Lord his God before the court of
the Sanhedrin. 56 But a certain maid beheld him as he sat by the
fire, and earnestly looked upon him, and said, This man was also with him.
57 And he denied him, saying, Woman, I know him not. 58 And after a
little while another saw him, and said, Thou art also of them. And Peter said,
Man, I am not. 59 And about the space of one hour after another confidently
affirmed, saying, Of a truth this fellow also was with him: for he is a
Galilaean. 60 And Peter said, Man, I know not what thou sayest. And
immediately, while he yet spake, the cock crew. 61 And the Lord turned,
and looked upon Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how he had
said unto him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice. 62 And
Peter went out, and wept bitterly
. (Luke 22:56-62) The look of Christ
was not one of reproach, but of deep disappointment – that disappointment one
feels when his best friend has ruthlessly betrayed him. How this look had
plagued poor Peter. How he despised himself, and ached in the depths of his
heart. If he could only take his words back! The Angel told the women: But
go your way, tell his disciples and Peter that he goeth before you into Galilee
Did you catch the grace-laden meaning of this comment, friends? "…tell
his disciples and Peter…
" Though His hands of mercy were
driven through with iron spikes, His feet nailed to the cross, a crown of
thorns for a crown, and the ridicule of the multitudes to welcome His gaze, the
Lord knew the agony of Peter, and addressed it with love and forgiveness. The
angel did not send news to the disciples ONLY, but specifically to Peter – the
only name mentioned for the sake of emphasis.
Though we should be pained by our sins, Christ addressed our failings on the
cross in the same way that He sent word to the suffering Peter – "you have
not been renounced by ME, though I was renounced by you. My heart is too great
to harbor vengeance against one who loves me and hurts me out of fear."
Though we know and love Christ, our sinful nature may often cause us to
renounce Him through our weakened flesh. We carelessly may recite the Lord's
Prayer and not mean a word of it. We may enter church as a social feast rather
than as an occasion to worship in reverence for the One who bled and died for
Roman friends have come to the Tomb in the same way the women came. They seek
and worship a dead body on the cross. But He is no there. He is risen! They
erroneously believe that Christ must be sacrificed anew at every Mass they
celebrate. But the Lord's Table is not an altar, but the Table of the Lord
whereby we are fed in the glorious elements of Bread and Wine to signify His
spiritual presence in His Body and Blood. The great truth that may escape our
understanding is that we, too, are a portion of His Body broken for the
Kingdom. Both the Old, and New, Testament Church are the Body of Christ
nourished by that Blood shed for us more than two thousand years ago. Abraham
knew it, Isaac illustrated it, and all others who looked forward to the promise
(as we look back to the accomplished fact) constitute the Body of Christ.
Gospel ends today a bit awkwardly, for it leaves, on Easter morning, the women
fearful. But, thanks be to God, the narrative continues in the next several
9 Now when Jesus was risen early the
first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had
cast seven devils. 10 And she went and told them that had been with him,
as they mourned and wept. 11 And they, when they had heard that he was
alive, and had been seen of her, believed not. 12 After that he appeared
in another form unto two of them, as they walked, and went into the country.
13 And they went and told it unto the residue: neither believed they them.
14 Afterward he appeared unto the eleven as they sat at meat, and
upbraided them with their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they believed
not them which had seen him after he was risen. 15 And he said unto them,
Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature. 16 He
that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall
be damned. 17 And these signs shall follow them that believe; In my name
shall they cast out devils; they shall speak with new tongues; 18 They
shall take up serpents; and if they drink any deadly thing, it shall not hurt
them; they shall lay hands on the sick, and they shall recover. 19 So then
after the Lord had spoken unto them, he was received up into heaven, and sat on
the right hand of God. 20 And they went forth, and preached every where,
the Lord working with them, and confirming the word with signs following
. Amen. (Mark 16:9-20)
have added these verses for a purpose. First, because these verses alleviate
our fears and give us hope in the sure knowledge of the resurrection of Christ;
and, secondly, because, if you are using one of the phony new translations such
as the NIV, those last nine verses are enclosed in parentheses. The authors of
these errant bibles then stipulate, falsely, in the footnote that these verses
do not appear in the more ancient and reliable manuscripts. They refer,
of course, to the Sinaiticus and Vaticanus which do not even agree in many
points with each other and which leave entire passages blank on the manuscript
page. These constitute only 5% of manuscript evidence while the Textus Receptus
of the Reformation agree in all points and constitute 95% of all manuscript
evidence. The Thirty Nine Articles require the commonly received text upon
which the KJV, the Geneva Bible, and all Reformed Bibles are based.
Question: Do you believe these last nine verses should be omitted, as the NIV
and others suggest? If you do not know, find out!
Dennis Campbell’s Sermon
Bishop Dennis is a brilliant
speaker. He is able to take
biblical precepts and make them perfectly understandable, even to me. Oft he provides the text of his sermons
and I take the utmost pleasure in passing them on:
It is almost impossible to overstate the influence, the good influence
of the Bible on the culture of the entire world. It is still the all time best seller. It has shaped the values and thoughts
of billions of people in the past, and it still does today. It has shaped the language of the
world, and many of our favourite words and phrases have come right out of its
pages. "Eye of a
needle," "twinkling of an eye," and "the spirit of the
law," are some that come to mind.
The words of the Bible bring God's message to us. They tell us of our creation, fall into
sin, and the promise of the Saviour.
It is through the Bible that we learn that Christ's death was the sacrifice
for our sins. It is the Bible that
tells us whosoever believes in Him has everlasting life, that is, life with Him
in Heaven forever.
Of all the words of the Bible, none are more important than the words,
"He is risen."
This is because everything depends on the resurrection of Jesus of
Nazareth. On it depends the
validity of the Gospel, and the entire Bible. It is the seal and proof of everything else the Bible
teaches. This is why it is
constantly under attack. If it
stands, then all that Christ taught and promised are ours. If it falls, the entire Christian faith
The resurrection is the seal and proof of the incarnation.
One of the main points of the Bible is that Christ is God. John's Gospel tells us, "In
beginning was the word, and the word was with God, and the word was
God." A little later that
same Gospel tells us "the word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we
beheld His glory." "If ye have seen Me ye have seen the Father,"
He said. "I and the Father are One,"
But if Jesus could forever be held in death, He could not be God. In a very real sense, Jesus was not
killed by men. Death did not have
power over Him until He allowed it.
He had the power to lay down His life and to take it up again. But if He had not had that power, death
would have been stronger than He, and death cannot be stronger than God. Only if Jesus rose again can He be
truly Divine, so His resurrection proves that He is indeed, God with us, the
word become flesh.
The resurrection is the seal and proof of the atonement.
Who can forgive sins, but God? asked Christ. Yet He claimed the power
to forgive sins. Who can give a
ransome for his sins: asked David, yet
Jesus came to give His life
as the ransome for our sins. He
paid the price of our sins, by dying for them on the cross. In Him, God was reconciling the world
But if He is still in the grave, His death accomplished nothing for us,
for He is not God.
The resurrection is the seal and proof of Heaven.
The first verses of the fourteenth chapter of the Gospel of John, is
one of my favourite passages of Scripture.
"Let not your hearts be troubled: ye believe in God, believe also
in me. In my Father's house are
many mansions: if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a
place for you. And if I go to
prepare a place for you, I will come again, to receive you unto myself; that
where I am, there ye may be also.
And whither I go ye know, and the way ye know. Thomas saith unto Him, we know not whither thou goest; and
how can we know the way? Jesus
saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the
Father, but by me."
A dead man cannot do this.
Only a Living God can accomplish this for us. If Christ is not raised from the dead, if He is not risen,
then we who have trusted Him to take us to Heaven, and all our hopes for
eternal joy, are vanity.
But He is risen. Thus all
that He has promised is real. He
is God. He died for our sins. He has prepared a place for us to dwell
with Him in joy and peace, forever.
Thanks be to God, He is risen.
Anglican Orthodox Church Diocese of Virginia
Holy Trinity Anglican Orthodox Church
Rev Bryan Dabney
of Saint John’s Sunday Sermon
We are fortunate to
have Bryan’s Sunday Sermon. If you
want people to come to The Truth, you have to speak the truth, expouse the
truth and live the truth. This is really a good piece and I
commend it to your careful reading.
There is an old sci-fi film where the dead return to life that opens
with the trademark quote, “They’re coming for you, Barbara.” Per a purely
secular understanding of resurrection, the dead come back as monsters wreaking
havoc and chaos. There is no salvific quality to their return. There is no
grace or mercy in their character. Thus, the concept of resurrection to profane
man is a horror story told to excite and frighten the viewer. Lucifer loves to
scare and terrify humanity, so we should not be surprised that he would create
his own resurrection story that reveals his vision of what ought to happen to
the living at the hands of the dead.
But the Christian message of resurrection is far and away different in
its character and presentation. Consider our gospel lesson for today (St. John
20:1- 10), as it permits us to look back in time nearly two thousand years to
that garden tomb where our Lord was laid following his crucifixion. Here we
learn that Mary Magdalene had come to the tomb to finish the preparation of our
Lord’s body for burial as the beginning of the Sabbath observance had precluded
her final efforts on his behalf. There was concern in her heart over the
removal of the great stone which was set over the entrance, and the Roman guard
that had been placed there by the governor. When she arrived, she found the stone
rolled away and the body missing. She likely witnessed the Roman guard lying on
the ground as if dead themselves (St. Matthew 28). In the other gospel accounts
(St. Matthew 28; St. Mark 16; St. Luke 24), she was accompanied by two other
women when she encountered an angel who commanded her to go an tell the
disciples of our Lord’s resurrection. Later, upon her return to the tomb, she
met the risen Lord who comforted her.
The disciples at first did not believe Mary and the other women; but
when they pressed their message, Peter and John went to the place only to
discover that what they had said was in fact true, and were astonished beyond
reason. The guard force had departed, the tomb had indeed been opened, the
linen cloth in which our Lord was wrapped for burial was lying separate from
the cloth that had been placed over his head. What had transpired would forever
mark that moment as the most important event in human history. There is an old
spiritual which opens with the words, O happy day and such aptly describes the
meaning of Easter for the faithful. And so we celebrate the resurrection of our
Lord, whose propitiatory act on the cross at Calvary secured for all true
believers everlasting life in God’s kingdom. What a gift we were given when his
tomb was opened. St. Paul noted in I Corinthians 15:20-22, But is now Christ
risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept. For since
by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead. For as in
Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive. Before our coming to
Christ, we were dead in our sins and trespasses (Ephesians 2:1). We were
without hope (I Thessalonians 4:13). Then Christ Jesus came into the world to
save that which was lost (St. Luke 19:10). He came that we might have life and
have it more abundantly (St. John 10:10).
The agony and the terrible treatment of our Lord had been foretold in
both prophecy and in the psalms (Isaiah 52 and 53; Psalm 22). At Calvary, the
price for our redemption was paid (Romans 6:23), the Messiah was cut off
(Daniel 9:26), he descended into the depths of the earth, and returned bringing
with him a multitude of souls and fulfilling the promise of redemption to those
of faith under the old covenant (Ephesians 4:8-10). With his resurrection came
departed saints who were also seen by many in Jerusalem (St. Matthew 27:52,
Now the natural response to claims of those rising from the dead ranges
from skepticism to downright unbelief (St. Luke 24:11). But God does not yield
to the opinions of man. Our Lord’s appearance to those on the road to Emmaus,
to the disciples that evening while they ate together in fear, and to Thomas
some days hence, speaks volumes as to the reason for our Lord’s coming into the
world— to save sinners. Hear now the words of St. Paul, And I thank Christ
Jesus our Lord, who hath enabled me, for that he counted me faithful, putting
me into the ministry; who was before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and
injurious: but I obtained mercy, because I did it ignorantly in unbelief. And
the grace of our Lord was exceeding abundant with faith and love which is in
Christ Jesus. This is a faithful saying and worthy of all acceptation, that
Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners; of whom I am chief (St. Timothy
St. Paul was once a devout Jew known as Saul of Tarsus who had sought
to round up as many Christians as he could find and then take them to Jerusalem
for punishment at the hands of the Temple authorities. What a shock it was for
him to learn that the very God he thought he was serving, he was in fact
persecuting. What agony of spirit he must have felt knowing that the very
Messiah he had sought was Jesus of Nazareth: who had been crucified by the
Romans; who had acknowledged that he is the Son of God (St. Mark 14:61-63).
What pain he must have felt and guilt for his misdeeds. We know that St. Paul
confessed his belief that Jesus Christ is the only begotten Son of God, and
that he did indeed repent of his sins and trespasses. We also know that afterwards,
he lived a new life of obedience: teaching others about God’s mercy, grace and
love which came through the meritorious life, death and resurrection of his
only begotten Son.
And so for Christians, the empty tomb is not a horror story. It is not
designed to engender fear or excite a morbid curiosity about the dead. It ought
to stir up within all who hear the gospel an earnest desire to obtain that true
faith which will save one from the horrors of an afterlife without God. Truly
death and hell are to be feared and for the mass of unregenerated mankind who
knows only of this life, the mere threat of death can paralyze them into
inaction and passivity. That is what makes horror movies so terrifying: when
one dies, one loses the only possibility for happiness and pleasure as found in
the here and now. But for the Christian, death is only the door to an eternity
with God. The empty tomb sets forth our Lord’s power over death, hell and the
grave as we have been ransomed — our debt paid— so that we will not have to
experience the darkness, gloom and torments of perdition. No, Christ has closed
that door and opened the way to a glorious life in the Kingdom of God for all
who believe on his name and trust in his atoning work as the Messiah.
So the next time you watch a horror film, have a look at those around
you. The angst about dying and being tormented for eternity may not be seen so
much on the faces of those who do not know the salvation of our God as it is
written on the hearts. They likely are, in a negative way, living vicariously
through the victims of the story being told on the screen. They likely have an
inkling in their hearts that at the moment of their death, they will be ushered
into a place of terror beyond their feeble ability to comprehend. Sure, some
movies are pretty horrifying, but to the Christian, they have no lasting impact
because we know where we are bound after this life apart from the coming of the
Lord. For us, it is just a movie; but for the unregenerate it is another
fearful reminder that their lives could end and then where will they be?
I implore you now, if there be any of you who have not made a
commitment to accept the free gift of salvation from our Lord, now is the time.
God has been calling on you to come to his throne of grace so answer the call.
Believe in the truth of the empty tomb: that God raised Jesus Christ from the
dead. Believe on Jesus Christ as the Messiah, the Prince of Peace and the
Author and finisher of your faith, who now sits in heaven at the right hand of
the Father. Believe on his atoning sacrifice as the only means of your
salvation. And if you believe and accept these things, then you must live in
accordance with his will as found within the pages of Holy Scripture. We walk
by faith and not by sight. Nevertheless, we walk and carry on as good soldiers
in Christ Jesus, wearing the armour he has supplied us and bearing the weapons
of our warfare which he has so equipped us as his soldiering saints. The empty
tomb is his witness and our hope. Let us then go boldly forth in faith for we
know that our Lord lives, and through him we shall also live forever in his
, we thank you that the tomb which held the
body of thy Son is an empty one; for by means of his resurrection, we have the
blessed assurance of our own; bless us also with thy Spirit, that we might
better witness the same to others; for this we ask in the name of him whom
Death, Hell and the grave could not hold, even Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
Have a blessed week, Bryan+
Geordie Menzies- Grierson
It was a beautiful spring
day, and a sense of peace stayed with me as I left the cathedral on Easter
Monday morning. I paused for a moment on top of the steps leading to the
avenue, now crowded with people rushing to their jobs. Sitting in her
usual place inside a small archway was the old flower lady. At her feet,
corsages and boutonnieres were parading on top of a spread-open newspaper.
The flower lady was
smiling, her wrinkled old face alive with some inner joy. I started down
the stairs–then on an impulse, turned and picked out a flower.
As I put it in my lapel, I
said, “You look happy.”
“Why not?’ she answered.
“Everything is good.”
She was dressed so
shabbily and seemed so very old that her reply started me. “You’ve been
sitting here for many years now, haven’t you? And always smiling. You wear
your troubles well.”
“You can’t reach my age
and not have troubles,” she replied. “only it’s like Jesus and Good
Friday….” She paused for a moment.
“Yes?” I prompted
“Well, when Jesus was
crucified on Good Friday, that was the worst day for the whole world. When
I get troubles I remember that, and then I think of what happened only
three days later-Easter and our Lord rose from the dead. So when things go
wrong, I’ve learned to wait days and somehow everything gets much better.”
She smiled good-bye, but
her words still follow me whenever I think I have troubles… “Give God a
chance to help…wait three days.”
- – -
written by Patt Barnes
did the term Easter come from?
Scholars variously attribute the
name "Easter" to a derivation from Eostra (a Scandinavian goddess of
dawn or spring) or Ostern (a Teutonic fertility goddess), both pagan figures
honored at festivals celebrating the vernal equinox, about the time of the Passover.
Traditions associated with these festivals include the Easter rabbit, a symbol
of fertility; and Easter eggs, painted with the bright colors of spring,
signifying growth and new life, concepts associated with the resurrection. Hence the name and symbols came to be
associated with the festival of the Resurrection of Christ, which occurred at
the time of the Passover. In the early English versions this word was
frequently used as the translation of the Greek pascha (the Passover). When the
Authorized Version (1611) was formed, the word "Passover" was used in
all passages in which this word pascha occurred, except in Acts 12:4 where the
word Easter was used.
is a Movable Feast
The Easter holiday builds on the
traditions of the Jewish festival of Passover, or Pesach (the derivation of
Pascha, another name for Easter), celebrating deliverance of the Israelites
from bondage in Egypt. Passover
begins on Thursday, when we're reminded that Jesus traveled with His followers
to Jerusalem in observation of the feast He came to fulfill. In an effort
to celebrate the Resurrection of our Lord at the same time of year, before the
calendar was standardized and synchronized to the solar year, Easter became a
movable feast and is the lynchpin for the other movable feasts which take their
dates from Easter. Victor I
(c.189-198AD) standardized Easter as a Sunday holiday, and in 325AD the Council
of Nicaea set Easter's date in relation to the paschal moon. The Gregorian
calendar correction of 1582AD placed Easter as the first Sunday after the full
moon following the vernal equinox, falling between 22 March and 25 April. If the fourteenth day happens on a
Sunday, Easter day is the Sunday after.
Easter Dues – Unique to the
Church of England, of which our Anglican Church is a direct descendant - Money
due to the clergy at Easter, formerly paid in communication of the tithe for
personal labor and subject to exaction.
For Easter dues, Easter offerings, voluntary gifts, have been
substituted. In the case of this
parish, the minister is given an entire month’s pay as Easter Dues! But, before he gets too excited, he
reflects that is actually two times zero, which is yet still zero!
like to get a different point across or announce something
If you have a different point of view, I would be
happy to give you room to get your point across. While this publication
is my perspective on events, I recognize not everyone may agree and that some
people would like to express their own opinion. If you want to write something, please forward your item to
Hap (with a note as to whether or not you would like editing help) to: firstname.lastname@example.org
from across the AOC
All Saints, Sheffield,
To all our brothers in Christ, the bishops and clergy of
the Anglican Orthodox Church throughout the world and the congregations in
their care, and to our Presiding Bishop, Jerry, from All Saints, Sheffield, UK,
our prayers and best wishes this Eastertide. May the joy of the risen Christ be
with you all.
Robert Cook, All Saints, Sheffield, UK
Please pass on my Easter greetings to the
AOC and their extended fellowships worldwide.
Rev. Geordie Menzies- Grierson
To all of our AOC family,
May God grant you a joyous celebration of His resurrection. He
Bishop, Anglican Orthodox Church Diocese of Virginia
Rector, Holy Trinity Anglican Orthodox
and Family of the Anglican Orthodox Church Worldwide and fellow followers of
Christ wherever you are:
Easter is the central day of the Christian Year.
Advent foretells the coming of the Lord.
Christmas delivers the Savior, yet is He the One?
Epiphany tells the world.
Lent helps us examine what we are being promised.
Holy Week shows us the cost of the gift.
Good Friday the price is paid.
Easter the promise is delivered. He is the One!
The Risen Lord!
On Easter the
promise of salvation and eternal life is made real. There is no more promise, there is only fact.
There can be no other than a
Happy and Joyous Easter!
Rev Hap Arnold
Rev Deacon Jack Arnold
Mrs. Dru Arnold
Church of the Faithful
HE IS RISEN INDEED!
God Bless you +Bishop Campbell and all of our AOC family.
From all in Rhode Island
A Blessed Easter to All from the National Office and PB of the AOC!
The hour is come, that the Son of man should be
glorified. Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except a corn of wheat fall
into the ground and die, it abideth alone: but if it die, it bringeth forth
much fruit. He that loveth his life shall lose it; and he that hateth his life
in this world shall keep it unto life eternal
. (John 12:23-25)
bruised and broken for us just as the thousands of grains of wheat are crushed
to make our daily bread, and is broken in being served to our hungers.
Archbishop Thomas Cranmer explained it best, I believe, when he said that each
of us is like one of those grains (corn) of wheat which is crushed to make
bread. In the Communion Service, we partake of the Body and Blood of Christ,
and in Communion with each other and all of the saints living and dead – for
they all are part and parcel of that Bread with Christ.
Tomb was only a borrowed Tomb – and that for only three days. It was hewn out
of the Rock, and it held, for a time, the Rock of our Salvation. Should we not
also be hewn out of that Rock which is Christ? Today is the victory of Eternity
observed – today was death and hell defeated. Though we were remorseful during
Lent, now we are joyous, for “….weeping may endure for a night, but
joy cometh in the morning
. (Psalms 30:5)
A very Blessed Easter to you, one and all!
Happy Easter and…
C.S. Lewis made a great point about angels. He
said that, in contrast to the girlish figures that appear about to say,
"There, there," the angels appeared as such intimidating presences
that they had to begin whatever else they were going to say with, "Fear
The tomb was a new one
which had been hewn for Joseph of Arimathea. Joseph, a native of Arimathea, was apparently a man of
wealth, and probably a member of the Sanhedrin an "honourable counsellor,
who waited (or "was searching") for the kingdom of God",
according to John, he was secretly a disciple of Jesus. As soon as he heard the
news of Jesus' death, he "went in boldly unto Pilate, and craved the body
of Jesus." Pilate, reassured by a centurion that the death had really
taken place, allowed Joseph's request. Joseph immediately purchased fine linen
and went to Golgotha to take the body down from the cross. There, assisted by
Nicodemus, he took the body and wrapped it in the fine linen, sprinkling it
with the myrrh and aloes that Nicodemus had brought. The body was then conveyed
to the new tomb in rock in his garden nearby. There they laid it, in the
presence of Mary Magdalene, Mary, the mother of Jesus, and other women, and
rolled a great stone to the entrance, and departed. This was done speedily,
"for the Sabbath was drawing on". Joseph of Arimathea appears in some
early New Testament apocrypha.
Although there are no written records until the
fifth century, tradition holds Joseph of Arimethea, who provided the tomb for
the burial of Jesus Christ, brought Christianity and the Holy Grail to England
in 37 AD and built a church in Glastonbury in Somerset.